The final gavel came down on COP28, ushering in what some are calling the beginning of the end of the fossil fuel era, and the end of 2 weeks and 24 hours of extended negotiations.

In the end, the final text landed on an agreement to accelerate the coal phase out, triple renewables and double energy efficiency by 2030, and “transition away” from fossil fuels toward net zero emissions in energy by mid century.

Its a lot. And compared to what it was, many climate experts woke up today praising what is the first time fossil fuels ended up in a final COP text.

But there are loopholes, and certainly not everyone is happy.

As the final stocktake text was being celebrated, small island negotiators highlighted they weren’t even in the room, and their push to ensure the world is on track to limit global warming to 1.5 was largely ignored.

While these forums are always spaces of global compromise, and since you’ve probably now seen dozens of hot takes praising the text, I think we might finish our daily COP updates with the final statement from Samoa, who led small Island negotiators this year. As the moral cornerstone of the UN climate talks, they deserve, at the very least, to be listened to.

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