The delegation of Burkina Faso to COP 26 declared on Tuesday to be in solidarity with the common position of African countries, which are hard hit by the harmful effects of climate change.
As climate negotiations take their course in Glasgow, Scotland, Burkina Faso says it wants to align itself with the position of African countries which “do not pollute enough, but pay a heavy price for climate change”. The 60-strong Burkinabè delegation is led by the Minister of the Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change, Siméon Sawadogo. Burkina Faso is taking part in the climate negotiations alongside the group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs), the African Group (AGN) and the G77 + China group. Alongside them, the country is advocating for an adequate implementation of the African Renewable Energy Initiative (IAER), the Initiative for the Adaptation of Agriculture in Africa (triple A) and the Three Climate Commissions of the Africa that are the Sahel Climate Commission, the Congo Basin Region Commission and the Island States Commission. After the Paris Agreement in 2015, COP 26 is seen as the “most important climate conference”. Negotiators aim to achieve zero carbon emissions by 2050 and limit global warming to 1.5 degrees.
“Burkina Faso is present at COP 26 to make its voice heard”
Delegates from 197 countries including Burkina Faso and organizations take part in the negotiations. The key themes defended are Adaptation, Finance, Mitigation, Technology Transfer, Strengthening capacities, Losses and damages linked to the negative impacts of climate change, Agriculture and Gender. In a note published Tuesday on the social network Facebook, the Burkinabè ministry in charge of climate change called on the international community to become more engaged in responding to the challenges of climate change. “The industrialized countries which have a responsibility in the emissions of greenhouse gases must take their share according to the well understood principle of the” common but differentiated responsibility and the respective capacities “, declared, Tuesday evening, the ministry for the ‘environment.
As soon as the Burkinabè delegation arrived in Glasgow, the Minister of the Environment, Siméon Sawadogo, made it clear that “Burkina Faso is present at COP 26 to make its voice heard according to the guidelines defined by the head of government, Christophe Dabiré and the President of Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré ”. “I invited the delegates to take an active part in all the work and to share Burkina Faso’s vision on climate change issues,” said Siméon Sawadogo. According to a climate report published a few days ago and coordinated in particular by the United Nations and the African Union, the African continent is only responsible for less than 4% of global CO2 emissions, but it pays dearly for deregulation climate.
247,145 hectares of forest lost each year
A Sahelian country, Burkina Faso is surely faced with this sad reality marked by the advance of the desert, floods and food insecurity. According to the Burkinabè government, “an estimated 247,145 hectares of forest are lost each year”. This situation is believed to be partly due to the harmful effects of climate change. “Burkina Faso is the 14th most vulnerable country in the world to climate change”, recalled, during a march in Ouagadougou on the initiative of OXFAM and about fifty civil society organizations on justice climate, Aboubacar Okana Lougué, General Coordinator of the National Youth Coordination for the Environment and the Climate (CONAJEC).
“During the rainy season 2021, some municipalities in the North (Lorum, Yatenga) went for several days without any drop of rainwater received, almost losing their means of subsistence,” he lamented. This depicted situation is all the more worrying if we stick to the latest report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) which reveals scenarios of a 4-degree temperature increase in the countries. of the interior (Mali, Chad, Burkina Faso, Niger) by 2100, the increase in violent climatic events and the overall reduction in water resources.
Thus, like other African countries, Burkina Faso is asking the rich countries considered to be the most polluters to keep their promises of financial assistance of 100 billion dollars per year from 2020 to the continent to face the ecological emergency. . Besides, there is the reduction of carbon emissions linked to human activity by 2030, the 50% reduction in emissions; by 2050, carbon neutrality. This commitment should make it possible to limit the rise in temperatures to 2 degrees or 1.5 degrees.