In the last days of COP23, we finally saw a text coming out that defines the Tanaloa Dialogue, and thus lays out the path for an inclusive climate dialogue during 2018. The COP22 and COP24 presidencies consulted all the countries to agree on how this process will look like.
But what is the Tanaloa Dialogue?
It was known before as the Facilitative Dialogue, and it is a process through which all countries will revise their ambition in reducing greenhouse gas emissions before 2020.
As you may remember, countries presented their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in the way to Paris. These contributions are documents that outline the efforts that countries will do in terms of reducing emissions, adapting to climate change and providing finance and technology to developing countries.
However, these contributions are not enough to limit global temperature below 2 degrees, or even 1.5 degrees. That is why it is very necessary and positive that the Paris Agreement has a review process to increase ambition over time.
The Tanaloa Dialogue will take place across 2018 until the COP24 in Katowice, Poland, and will aim to increase ambition, and to encourage countries to re-submit more ambitious NDCs.
How will the Tanaloa Dialogue look like?
The Tanaloa Dialogue will be launched after COP23, and will close at the end of COP24. It will start with a preparatory phase, which main part will take place during the intersessionals in May, in Bonn. The first phase will try to give a solid evidence-based foundation and will be guided by 3 main questions: where are we? Where do we want to go? and how do we get there?
This phase of the Dialogue will include inputs from civil society, local, as well as national or global events. One of these will be the recent climate summit announced by President Macron, to be held in Paris from November 30th to December 11th. The Global Climate Action, an initiative launched in Paris to include non-state actors, will also provide input to the process.
Later on, around November 2018, the IPCC special report on 1.5 (SR1.5) will come out, and will outline how close the world is getting to the 1.5 target. The Tanaloa Dialogue will have a “dedicated space” to review its outcome, although it is not yet decided how this space will look like.
This long preparatory phase during the course of 2018 will be summarized by the Presidencies and sent to the political phase, which will take place during COP24 in Poland.
The political phase will be a closed discussion process for high-level representatives only, and will build on the results of the first phase. The political discussion will include roundtables to have an interactive discussion amongst all countries. This will finally lead to a summary of key messages by the Presidencies to take pre-2020 action forwards.