The 14th conference of the parties (COP14) under the UN Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) which is hosted in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt is finally ending after 2 long weeks of tough negotiations. Some topics in the convention were relatively smooth to negotiate on while some other topics are still not closed and might be postponed until the next meetings. One of the topics that all countries are talking about is the post 2020 framework
What is post-2020 framework?
Under the Convention of Biodiversity (CBD) there is a strategic plan that includes 20 goals which are goals that the convention has set out and planned to achieve by 2020 and they are called Aichi Targets. Since we are only 2 years away from 2020, countries has already started talking about the next steps which is what is known as post 2020 framework. Some countries has emphasised that in order for the framework to be effective it has to include some sort of realistic targets that involves everyone
“The most critical issues I would say is to find a set of targets that engage citizens because at the end the most important is to have a different set of targets one that is not just limited to governments but one that engages business and citizens and the type of engagement we are looking for is one where people are taking real actions it’s not just about clicking on the website and moving on with your life it is about making real change in your life” says Basile van Havre from the Canadian delegation
How should post 2020 look like?
The next conference (COP15) will be in Beijing, China in 2020 and that is where countries will have to come up with the new strategic planewhich means post 2020 framework will be the main negotiation topic. The secretary of the convention has already initiated processes to facilitate the development of this Post-2020 strategy in a comprehensive and participatory manner.so far no decision has yet been taken on the time span that post-2020 framework should cover and it is not automatically settled that the aiming point will be the year 2030. Some people believe that a time frame of beyond 2030 (more than 10 years) may automatically means lowering of the ambition level which would call for a Post-2020 period as short as possible (presumably 10 years). On the other hand, a longer timeframe (15 years) would have the advantage to avoid too many re-negotiations of the framework on the path towards the 2050 vision of the convention
“We need high level politicians to be involved in this process otherwise nature will not get the attention it needs. A high level panel has been agreed, we are happy with it. There is some references to high level meetings that we are happy with – that is a good basis so we need to build on that.” says Bernadette Fischler, Head of Advocacy -2020-Project at WWF
The Strategic Plan of the CBD and the Aichi-Targets are important to for the 2050 vision and therefore this framework should be maintained to the highest degree possible beyond 2020. However, the upcoming re-negotiations on this, should be regarded as an opportunity for improving the framework with regard to its consistency, simplicity while keeping the level of ambition.
“In stark contrast to the reports about the catastrophic decline of biodiversity around the world there seemed to be a lack of urgency in much of the negotiations at cop14. To secure a strong ambitions deal for nature and people in 2020 we need to raise the pressure on our leaders and get nature much higher on the political agenda” says Basha Stasak a campaigner at Australian Conservation Foundation “There is a lot of work to do but cop14 provided plenty of glimmers of hope that we can get there by 2020 – we saw leadership from some state parties, an active, organised and growing youth biodiversity movement and a number of civil society organisations beginning to mobilise”