Last year, the Paris Agreement increased the expectation and ambition of countries to limit the global temperature rise at 1.5 degrees. Delegates and negotiators from 196 countries gathered again in Marrakech, Morocco for United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)’s twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22). Often referred as “COP of implementation,” this meeting is more important to give momentum to the agendas and agreement of Paris agreement.

To meet the set target, biggest issue is emission reduction which has to be reflected in each country’s nationally determined contributions (NDCs).

“If governments were to fully implement their nationally determined Contributions (NDC), global warming in 2100 of 2.8°C above pre-industrial would result which means there a likely chance of holding is warming below 3.1° C.” said Dr. Bill Hare, senior scientist and director at Climate Analytics during a press conference on Nov 10 at Marrakech, Morocco.

Glaciers have been melting due to the rising temperature. Photo from National Geographic.

Glaciers have been melting due to the rising temperature. Photo from National Geographic.

Considering new election result, the US is unlikely to meet its nationally determined contribution made under the Paris Agreement.” said Niklas Höhne, during the press conference at COP 22 today.

Based on the submission by the parties and ongoing negotiation as of Nov 10, 2016, there are two countries, Nepal and Morocco who has increased their ambitions from INDCs to NDCs.

Despite of its progress about investing in renewable energy, China’s total greenhouse emissions seem increasing till 2030.

As one of the growing economy India seems to progressing on installing new renewable energy plants and find transition from coal driver development.

Another interesting key player in this process is European Union, “the overall 40% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 from 1990 levels proposed in the EU’s NDC is not consistent with limiting warming to below 2°C.” said Niklas Honne during the press conference.

This press conference tracked the progress of negotiation with respect to NDCs and pledge made earlier. After 30 minute of information sharing and interaction, experts concluded that based on current submissions by the parties, it seems current policies are not strong enough to achieve the pledges governments have made under the Paris Agreement to limit the global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees.

Binod Parajuli

About Binod Parajuli