Those who walk among the corridors of Climate Conferences are used to Eco newspaper, the most famous bulletin endorsed by more than 1.000 organizations under the Climate Action Network. Today they published an article asking the Brazilian president Michel Temer to veto a polemic project, already approved by the Congress. If endorsed, the MP 735 will provide 1 billion dollars in incentives to coal energy in Brazil.
For organizations at COP-22, this gives a bad signal about Brazil’s commitment to Paris Agreement, where the country promised to reduce 37% of its carbon emissions in the next decades. “The world is watching, and expecting coherence from a country that has full potential to be one of the first to reach 100% renewables”, says the article, under the title “First rule of holes: When you are in one, stop digging”.
To the Brazilian Association of Mineral Coal, these incentives would guarantee “steady and cheap” energy to country growth. On the other hand, environmental organizations claim coal has the highest costs if we count the expenses it generates to the public sector, since it is the source which most cause pollution and health issues. Campaigners like End Coal and Clean Air Task Force estimate coal production causes more than 800.000 deaths per year all over the world, under a cost for the health system of annual 100 billion dollars. Eco’s article also criticizes Japan and Turkey for their investments on coal, contextualizing that “it’s not only in Brazil that coal dreams of a future. Turkey, who won the Fossil of the Day on the Sunday before COP starts, plans build more than 70 new coal power plants.
In Brazil, coal provides only 3% of energy generated in the country and represents 20% of Brazilian emissions of carbon. Accordingly to Pedro Telles, coordinator of climate change at Greenpeace Brazil, “fossil fuel industries all over the world know their time is passing by and they are desperate trying to extend their existence, but we must stick with Paris Agreement and this starts getting out of the dirtiest source of energy in the world.”